Appendix G

Crosswalk Analysis: Science and Social Studies

The North American Association for Environmental Education has developed a comprehensive set of standards for Environmental Education entitled “Excellence in Environmental Education: Guidelines for Learning, K-12” (“EE Guidelines”). These guidelines are set for the end of Fourth Grade, Eighth Grade and Twelfth Grade.

Excellence in Environmental Education: Guidelines for Learning, K-12

Strand 1: Questioning, Analysis and Interpretation Skills
Strand 2: Knowledge of Environmental Processes and Systems
Strand 3: Skills for Understanding and Addressing Environmental Issues
Strand 4: Personal and Civic Responsibility

The New Hampshire Curriculum Frameworks for Science Literacy is divided into four domains, each of which has four or five strands supporting the domain.  The frameworks are established for two-year grade spans and are separated into Elementary (K-4), Middle (5-8) and High School (9-12).

K-12 Science Literacy New Hampshire Curriculum Framework

Science Process Skills
SPS1– Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking Skills
SPS2– Unifying Concepts of Science (including NECAP Science Assessment Targets by Big Idea)
SPS3– Personal, Social, and Technological Perspectives
SPS4– Science Skills for Information, Communication and Media Literacy

Earth Space Science
ESS1– The Earth and Earth materials, as we know them today, have developed over long periods of time, through constant change processes.
ESS2– The Earth is part of a solar system, made up of distinct parts, which have temporal and spatial interrelationships.
ESS3– The origin and evolution of galaxies and the universe demonstrate fundamental principles of physical science across vast distances and time.
ESS4– The growth of scientific knowledge in Earth Space Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.

Life Science
LS1– All living organisms have identifiable structures and characteristics that allow for survival (organisms, populations, and species).
LS2– Energy flows and matter recycles through an ecosystem.
LS3– Groups of organisms show evidence of change over time (e.g. evolution, natural selection, structures, behaviors, and biochemistry).
LS4– Humans are similar to other species in many ways, and yet are unique among Earth’s life forms.
LS5– The growth of scientific knowledge in Life Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.

Physical Science
PS1– All living and nonliving things are composed of matter having characteristic properties that distinguish one substance from another (independent of size/amount of substance).
PS2– Energy is necessary for change to occur in matter.  Energy can be stored, transferred and transformed, but cannot be destroyed.
PS3– The motion of an object is affected by force.
PS4– The growth of scientific knowledge in Physical Science has been advanced through the development of technology and is used (alone or in combination with other sciences) to identify, understand and solve local and global issues.

The New Hampshire Curriculum Frameworks for Social Studies contains 10 themes which are supported by five content strands.  The frameworks are established for two-year grade spans and are separated into Elementary (K-4), Middle (5-8) and High School (9-12).

K-12 Social Studies New Hampshire Curriculum Framework

Theme A:  Conflict and Cooperation
Theme B:  Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement
Theme C:  People, Places and Environment
Theme D:  Material Wants and Needs
Theme E:  Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change
Theme F:  Global Transformation
Theme G:  Science, Technology, and Society
Theme H:   Individualism, Equality and Authority
Theme I:  Patterns of Social and Political Interaction
Theme J:  Human Expression and Communication
Civics
Economics
Geography
U.S. History
World History

photo credit: Squam Lakes Natural Science CenterThe following analysis compares the EE Guidelines and New Hampshire frameworks in Science Literacy and Social Studies, and demonstrates alignment between them.

Grade 4 Analysis Page

Grade 8 Analysis Page

Grade 12 Analysis Page

photo credit: Appalachian Mountain Clubphoto credit: Prescott Conservancyphoto credit: Prescott Conservancy

Excellence in Environmental Education: Guidelines for Learning, K-12     http://eelinked.naaee.net/n/guidelines

K-12 Science Literacy New Hampshire Curriculum Framework    http://www.education.nh.gov/instruction/curriculum/science/index.htm

K-12 Social Studies New Hampshire Curriculum Framework     http://www.education.nh.gov/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/index.htm

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