Appendix B

Glossary

Environmental Education: A process aimed at developing a world population that is aware of and concerned about the total environment and its associated problems, and which has the knowledge, attitudes, motivations, commitments, and skills to work individually and collectively toward solutions of current problems and the prevention of new ones.12

Environmental Literacy: Environmental Literacy is having an understanding of the natural world and the ability to make decisions about the environment based on scientific, economic, aesthetic and ethical considerations13.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT): Each NH student is required to create an electronic portfolio by the end of grade 8

Inquiry-Based Learning: Inquiry is a multifaceted activity that involves making observations; posing questions; examining books and other sources of information to see what is already known; planning investigations; reviewing what is already known in light of experimental evidence; using tools to gather, analyze, and interpret data; proposing answers, explanations, and predictions; and communicating the results. Inquiry requires identification of assumptions, use of critical and logical thinking, and consideration of alternative explanations. (p. 23- National Science Education Standards)

Meaningful Experience: Experiences are: investigative or project-oriented, an integral part of the instructional program, part of a sustained activity, considers the environment as a system14.

New England Common Assessment Program (NECAP): The New Hampshire Department of [ac1] Education, Rhode Island Department of Education, and Vermont Department of Education have developed a common set of Grade-Level Expectations, known as the New England Common Assessment Program Grade-Level Expectations (NECAP GLEs), and test specifications in Mathematics, Reading, and Writing. Building on the success of the NECAP collaboration in Mathematics, Reading, and Writing, the states have developed common assessment targets and test specifications for Science. All GLEs are incorporated into the NH Curriculum/Frameworks documents approved by the State Board in June 2006.

Nonformal Education: Organized learning opportunities outside the formal educational system. These tend to be short-term, voluntary and require few if any prerequisites, typically have a curriculum and often a facilitator, usually are local and community-based.

Open Space: an area of land or water that either remains in its natural state or is used for agriculture, free from intensive development for residential, commercial, industrial or institutional use; it includes agricultural and forest land, undeveloped coastal and estuarine lands, undeveloped scenic lands, public parks and preserves (NYS Department of Conservation http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/317.html)

Place-based Education: The process of using the local community and environment as a starting point to teach concepts in language arts, mathematics, social studies, science and other subjects across the curriculum15. Place-based Education emphasizes hands-on, real-world learning experiences. This approach is akin to using the Environment as an Integrating Context (EIC), which has been shown to increase academic achievement16.

Service Learning: A teaching and learning strategy that integrates meaningful community service with instruction and reflection to enrich the learning experience, teach civic responsibility, and strengthen communities17.

Short Term Outcomes: 2-5 years

Medium Term Outcomes: 5-10 years

Long Term Outcomes: 10-15 years

 photo credit: Beaver Brook Association